For those who wonder why we support the military coup in Egypt, in case you missed the OBVIOUS reason….it’s because they did so to toss out an islamic fundamentalist regime intent on bullying its’ entire population into becoming radical muslim.

1. The coup of May, 27th was the first coup d’état in Turkey, staged by a group of Turkish military officers acting outside the Staff Chiefs’ chain of command, against the democratically elected government of the Democrat Party on 27 May 1960. The incident took place at a time of sociopolitical turmoil and economic hardship, as US aid from Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan was running out and, hence, prime minister Adnan Menderes planning a visit to Moscow in hope of establishing alternative lines of credit. The colonel who declared the coup over radio and also was a member of the junta (tr:Milli Birlik Komitesi), Alparslan Türkeş, had been among the first 16 officers trained by the United States in 1948 to form the stay-behind anti-communist organization, counter-guerrilla. As such, he explicitly stated faith and allegiance to NATO and CENTO in his short address to nation…

2.  The 1971 Turkish coup d’état, carried out on 12 March that year, was the second to take place in the Republic of Turkey, coming 11 years after its 1960 predecessor. Known as the “coup by memorandum”, which the military delivered in lieu of sending out tanks, as it had done previously, it came amid worsening domestic strife… Turkey appeared to be in a state of chaos. The universities had ceased to function. Students emulating Latin American urban guerrillas robbed banks and kidnapped US servicemen, also attacking American targets. The homes of university professors critical of the government were bombed by neo-fascist militants. Factories were on strike and more workdays were lost between 1 January and 12 March 1971 than during any prior year. The Islamist movement had become more aggressive and its party, the National Order Party, openly rejected Atatürk and Kemalism, infuriating the armed forces. Demirel’s government, weakened by defections, seemed paralyzed, powerless to try to curb the campus and street violence and unable to pass any serious legislation on social and financial reform.  The coup did not come as a surprise to most Turks…

3.  The 12 September 1980 Turkish coup d’état, headed by Chief of the General Staff General Kenan Evren, was the third coup d’état in the history of the Republic after the 1960 coup and the 1971 “Coup by Memorandum”.  Unprecedented political violence had erupted in Turkey in the late 1970s. The overall death toll of the 1970s is estimated at 5,000, with nearly ten assassinations per day. Most were members of left-wing and right-wing political organizations, then engaged in bitter fighting. The ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves, youth organisation of the MHP, claimed they were supporting the security forces.[8] According to the anti-fascist Searchlight magazine, in 1978 there were 3,319 fascist attacks, in which 831 were killed and 3,121 wounded.  In the central trial against the left-wing organization Devrimci Yol (Revolutionary Path) at Ankara Military Court the defendants listed 5,388 political killings before the military coup. Among the victims were 1,296 right-wingers and 2,109 left-wingers. The others could not clearly be related. The 1978 Bahçelievler Massacre, the 1977 Taksim Square massacre with 35 victims and the 1978 Kahramanmaraş Massacre with over 100 victims are some notable incidents. Martial law was announced following the Kahramanmaraş Massacre in 14 of (then) 67 provinces in December 1978. At the time of the coup martial law had been extended to 20 provinces.  For the next three years the Turkish Armed Forces ruled the country through the National Security Council, before democracy was restored.

By Doug

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